A specially alloyed steel with a high carbon content is heated to around 1200°C, at which point the steel turns a reddish yellow. The smith takes a cut-off piece of glowing steel in his tongs and works it in a large press. The press operates at a rate of around 80 strikes per minute, with a force of about 180 tonnes each time. The smith handles the hot steel quickly and skilfully as the square lump of steel is gradually transformed into a finished axe head.

The smith finishes his work by stamping the Gränsfors Bruk logo and his own initials into the axe head, as a declaration that the axe has been well made and approved by the smith. The axe head is then hung up to cool.